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Madagascar is an island country comprising of the island of Madagascar as well as several other smaller islands situated southeastern coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The earliest history of Madagascar is unclear, the history of Madagascar began 160 million years ago, as the island “broke up” with the African continent. It is the fourth-largest island which has evolved into one of the world’s most phenomenal destinations for natural history travel. The island contains a vast diversity flora and fauna. Over 12,000 plant species have been identified here, 10,000 are endemic to the island including seven of the world’s nine species of the iconic Baobab tree, some renowned national parks and World Heritage Site.
Madagascar is a dream destination for nature and outdoor lovers – and half the fun is getting to all these incredible attractions. For those who love adventure, this is a lovely destination that they will greatly enjoy.
Quick Facts about Madagascar
Land and geographical Area: It has a total surface of 587,040 km². It is the 4th largest island in the world. It has 1550 km from North to South and 575 from West to East, and almost 5000 km of coastline. The highest peak is the Mount Maromokotra (2.880 m. high)
Population: (2009 estimate) 21,000,000
Capital City: Antananarivo
Climate: Madagascar has several climatic zones depending on the altitude and location. The climate ranges from humid tropical to semi-arid, with a rainy season from November to April and a dry one the rest of the year
Language: French, Malagasy
Religion: Indigenous beliefs, Christian, Muslim
Currency: Malagasy franc
Main cities: Fianarantsoa, Antsiranana (Diégo-Suarez), Toamasina; Antsirabe and Mahajanga
Economy: The main economic resources are the textile and mining industry, agriculture and tourism.
Electricity: Electrical current is 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are generally two-pin.